In his welcome speech at the G-20 sherpas' meeting, Harper announced the theme of the Toronto summit would be Recovery and New Beginnings, referring to an economic stimulus from the impact of the ongoing world recession. The Toronto summit's agenda calls for evaluating the progress of the financial sector reform, further developing sustainable stimulus measures, discussion of global bank tax, and promoting open markets.Since April 2010, an Integrated Security Unit, consisting of police officers from different regional departments, have been working on security in the Downtown core, where the summit will take place. Police officials have chosen locations to detain protestors and map traffic detours which would be in place during the two day summit. Several local events which were set to take place during the time of the summit, especially the Blue Jays' three-game series against Philadelphia, have been affected due to their proximity to the summit location. Total security cost for both summits was estimated to be over $1 billion, making it the largest and most expensive security operation in Canadian history.
Security officials began preparing for summit security as early as April 2010. Policing and patrolling will be provided by the Toronto Police Service, the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP), the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and Canadian Forces. The Peel Regional Police will aid in policing at Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga during the arrivals of world leaders. The five departments formed an Integrated Security Unit (ISU), similar to the ISU created during the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
According to the Globe and Mail, 10,000 uniformed police officers, 1,000 security guards, and several Canadian military forces will be deployed during the summit. The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) conducted Amalgam Virgo exercises on May 6-7 across the Greater Toronto Area using CF-18 Hornet jets, CH-124 Sea Kings and CH-146 Griffon helicopters at low altitudes. The total cost for security at both the G8 and the G-20 summits was determined to be $1.1 billion. The entire cost will be handled by the federal government, excluding local business damages.
The security perimeter begins with the outer boundary, specifically bordered by King Street to the north, Lake Shore Boulevard to the south, Yonge Street to the east, and Spadina Avenue to the west, which will be restricted to security officials and G-20 delegates only. Residents who live within the security zone were issued registration cards prior to the summit. Other pedestrians who wish to enter the security zone are required to present two pieces of photo identification and provide reasoning for entry. The surrounding area of the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, itself, will be fenced and off-limits to civilians and protestors. Erecting the $5.5 million 3 metre-high unscalable fence began June 7. Toronto Police installed 77 additional closed-circuit television security cameras in the area and purchased four Long Range Acoustic Devices which would be in use exclusively during the summit.
Participants of the Toronto summit were announced by Stephen Harper on May 8, 2010. Harper extended invitations to the leaders ofEthiopia and Malawi to further represent the continent of Africa, along with South Africa, already a G-20 member. Netherlands, Spain,Vietnam, and later Nigeria were also invited. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the International Labour Organization, as well as Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, and Vietnam will make their first G-20 summit attendances in Toronto.
- G-20 members
- Argentina represented by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President of Argentina
- Australia represented by Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister of Australia
- Brazil represented by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
- Canada represented by Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada (Host)
- China represented by Hu Jintao, President of the People's Republic of China
- France represented by Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France
- Germany represented by Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
- India represented by Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India
- Indonesia represented by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of Indonesia
- Italy represented by Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy
- Japan represented by Naoto Kan, Prime Minister of Japan
- Mexico represented by Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico
- South Korea represented by Lee Myung-bak, President of South Korea
- Russia represented by Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia
- Saudi Arabia represented by Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia
- South Africa represented by Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa
- Turkey represented by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey
- United Kingdom represented by David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- United States represented by Barack Obama, President of the United States
- Guest nations
- Ethiopia represented by Girma Wolde-Giorgis, President of Ethiopia
- Malawi represented by Bingu wa Mutharika, President of Malawi
- Netherlands represented by Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
- Nigeria represented by Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria
- Spain represented by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Prime Minister of Spain
- Vietnam represented by Nguyễn Minh Triết, President of Vietnam
- European Commission represented by José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission
- European Council represented by Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council
- Financial Stability Forum represented by Mario Draghi, Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum
- International Labour Organization represented by Juan Somavía, Head of the International Labour Organization
- International Monetary Fund represented by Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development represented by José Ángel Gurría, Secretariat General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- United Nations represented by Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations
- World Bank Group represented by Robert Zoellick, President of the World Bank
- World Trade Organization represented by Pascal Lamy, Director General of the World Trade Organization